So if you are among the scores of people who are flocking to boxing gyms to get in better shape, learn how to box for self-defence purposes, or maybe you want to become the next Mayweather, one thing you will notice is that there is more to the physical demands of boxing. You will be introduced to an entirely new language. It is a language in which you will need guidance on how to navigate through the ins and outs of it. In doing so you can get accustomed to and learn to communicate in what generally the boxing lexicon is.
Below is a guide on some of the most common terms of the boxing world which will most likely help you with your boxing training.
Accidental Butt – It is the collision of heads of the fighters during a fight/match.
Alphabet Groups – It is used to describe various organizations which administer sport.
Bleeder – A fighter who bleeds easily.
Bob and Weave – Fighter who is hard to time properly due to the quick up-and-down movement of his body.
Bolo Punch – Fancy punch which seems an uppercut. More like a trick to show off.
Bout – An alternate terminology for boxing fight/match.
Brawler – A violent and combative fighter.
Break – The time when fighters get apart from each other after a clinch.
Buckle – When fighter’s legs collapse.
Canvas – The floor of the boxing ring is often referred to as Canvas.
Card – A list of fights that is to occur in any given boxing event.
Caught Cold – This term describes a fighter who gets knocked out not being mentally prepared or warmed up properly.
Chief Second – Head trainer supervising a fighter’s corner.
Clinch – When fighters hold each other.
Combo – The execution of multiple punches together in consecutive order.
Contender – A fighter ready to challenge or compete for a championship.
Corkscrew Punch – A swinging punch which mostly causes injuries.
Cornerman – One of the various workers working in a fighter’s corner during a fight.
Counterpunch – A punch thrown in response to the opponent’s punch.
Covering Up – A defensive position to prevent the opponent’s attack.
Cross – This is a direct straight punch with the dominant hand. So with the right hand by a fighter who is a righty?
Cutman – A cornerman who treats injuries.
Dive – When a fighter loses intentionally.
Eight Count – After the knock down of a fighter, the referee completes a count of eight even if the opponent rises before that.
Enswell – It is a piece of metal that is pressed on swelling to keep the eyes from closing.
Faded – A fighter past his top strength.
Feint – When a fighter fakes a punch so that his opponent reacts.
Flash knockdown – When a fighter is knocked down for a short period of time, not due to being hurt badly but due to a shock.
Fringe Contender – This term describes a Low-ranked contender having low world rankings.
Gate – Total amount of money collected by the administration at the gate of the boxing event venue. It often measures the interest of the fans in the boxing fight.
Gatekeeper – Fighter who is quite unlikely to become a champion, but his opponents can become a credible contender by defeating him.
Get Off – The skill of a fighter to not let his offense get tracked.
Glass Jaw – It is the speciality of a fighter having remarkable punch-resistance.
Go the Distance – Completing the duration which has been set for a fight.
Go to the Body – A tactic used to diminish the opponent’s determination by continuously punching to the body.
Go to the Cards – When the judges decide the winner of a fight which either went the distance or was stopped before the due time.
Governing Body – It is the term used for an organization that authorizes fights.
Haymaker – A powerful punch thrown with the intention to knock the opponent out.
Heavy Bag – As the name suggests it is a very heavy cylindrical bag full of sand and water along with other materials that weigh about 50-75 kg and is a vital part of boxing training to help with form, punching power, and conditioning.
Hook – A short and powerful punch thrown by the leading hand in a swinging motion with the elbow bent, forming a “hook.”
Infighting – Close-range fighting.
Jab – a quick and direct punch to the opponent with the fighter’s non-dominant hand. Also known as the ‘lead’ punch as it leads up to or sets up for other punches by the fighter.
Journeyman – A proficient fighter, while not certainly a winning one. Used as an opponent to test upcoming boxers. Such a fighter fights on short notice.
Kidney Punch – It is an illicit body punch thrown to the rear area of an opponent’s body.
Liver Shot – Legal punch when a left hook connects with the lower right side of an opponent’s body with destructing effect.
Low-blow – A punch by fighters which is declared to be below the allowed legal area.
Main Event – It is the most important fight on a card.
Mauler – An inside fighter who tries to win by choking his opponents.
Majority-Decision – When two of the three referees decide in favour of one fighter while one disagrees with them.
Mouse – Swelling on a fighter’s face.
Neutral Corner – It is the corner in the ring and where a fighter is sent after he knocks down his opponent.
No-Decision – When a fight has no result, usually due to an injury or a situation due to which a fight cannot be finished.
On the Ropes – A vulnerable situation in which a fighter is trapped with his back against the ropes in a boxing ring.
Orthodox – Right-handed fighting style is called orthodox style.
Outside Fighter – Boxer who likes to operate from long distance.
Palooka – An old, losing, retiring or uncelebrated boxer.
Parry – Dodging an opponent’s punch using the gloves to change the path of the shot.
Paw – A mild jab.
Play Possum – To fake an injury in order to divert the opponent’s mind.
Plodder – A fighter who moves slowly.
Point Deduction – When a foul or continuous fouls deduct a point, the equivalent of losing a round.
Pound-for-Pound – Term used to compare fighters based on their skills instead of weight.
Puncher’s Chance – When a fighter who is less skilled but hits hard relies totally on his punching power to win a fight.
Purse – The cash prize for winning a fight.
Queer Street – When a fighter loses control over his abilities after getting badly hit.
Rabbit Punch – An illicit punch to the back of the head.
Ring Generalship – When a fighter tries to control a fight.
Ringside – A position that is near the ring.
Roll with the Punches – When an opponent changes the position of his body while punching, lessening its effect.
Rope-a-Dope – Letting an opponent punch repeatedly while covering up on the ropes and waiting for him to become fatigued.
Roughhousing – When an opponent starts fighting in a rowdy, wild and disorderly way.
Rubber Match – When the opponents fight for the third time, each having won one bout.
Sanctioning Body – Group that organizes world title bouts.
Saved by the Bell – The moment when a round ends, saving a harmed fighter who was about to get knocked out.
Second – A cornerman.
Shopworn – This term describes a fighter who is slowing down after a prolonged career.
Slip – Moving the head moderately to prevent a punch.
Southpaw – Left-handed fighting style is often termed as Southpaw.
Sparring – this is where two fighters carry out a practice session with full protective gear on.
Shadow Boxing – A fighter goes through an imaginary fight with a make believe opponent where the fighter would perform the same moves as he or she would have in a real fight with the same level of intensity to warm up or to perfect form.
Split Draw – When two judges oppose each other’s decision on who won the game, while the third judge declares it to be a draw.
Stablemate – Fighters who practice at the same gym or have the same promoter.
Stick and Move – It is a trick in which the fighter moves around the ring and fights only at long range.
Stylist – A fighter who depends on his abilities instead of strength.
Sucker Punch – A punch thrown at an inattentive, vague, unfocused or unprepared opponent.
Titlist – Fighter who holds one of the world title belts, but is not acknowledged as a true, honest or deserving champion.
Technical Decision – When a bout is stopped prematurely due to some injury or a situation sending the bout directly to the scorecards.
Technical Draw – When the scores are even after a technical decision.
Technical Knockout – When a fighter is being hit so badly that the referee stops the bout without finishing a ten-count.
Throw in the Towel – When the chief second in a fighter’s corner wants to end the fight, he throws a towel into the ring.
Toe-to-Toe – When both fighters stand face-to-face and engage.
Trialhorse – Skilled but quite unsuccessful opponent used to determine whether other fighters are ready to make a jump in class or not.
Uppercut – Another power punch but it can be thrown with either hand and is executed in close proximity, landing on the opponent’s chin or upper abdomen.
Unanimous decision – When the entire panel of referees declare one fighter to be the winner of the fight.
Undercard – The fights that are scheduled before the main event on any given occasion.
Upstart: A new fighter who is skilled.
Walkout Bout: A fight at the end of a fight card, which is not of much importance.
Whiskers: Chin. This term is used to describe a fighter’s resistance or durability.
We’ll be bringing you more in the series ahead. Stay tuned!